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Bahrain Transportations


Bahrain's small size and level terrain made the development of its excellent road system easy. In 1993 the country had more than 200 kilometers of paved roads linking all populated areas of the island. Two paved roads and several gravel roads run through the sparsely inhabited southern half. A twenty-five-kilometer causeway, completed in 1986, allows traffic to cross to Saudi Arabia. A second causeway links the capital with the international airport on the island of Al Muharraq. With its 3,660-meter runway, Bahrain International Airport can handle the largest airplanes in use. In 1993 it was the eastern terminus for British Airways nonstop service from London using the Concorde. Gulf Air, jointly owned by Bahrain, Qatar, the UAE, and Oman, provides regularly scheduled service to more than twenty international destinations.

Bahrain's main port is Mina Salman on the tip of the island of Bahrain. Opened in 1962 and expanded several times thereafter, Mina Salman has sixteen berths and can handle vessels with a draught of up to nine meters. Crude and refined petroleum passes through the port of Sitrah, about ten kilometers southeast of Manama. A dry dock on the southern end of the island of Al Muharraq handles repairs of ships of up to 500,000 tons.

An Overview:

total: 3,459 km
paved: 2,653 km
unpaved: 806 km (2002)

gas 20 km; oil 53 km (2004)

Ports and harbours
Mina Salman, Sitrah

Merchant marine
total: 8 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 219,083 GRT/312,638 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 2, container 2, petroleum tanker 1
foreign-owned: 2 (Kuwait 2) (2005)

4 (2004 est.)

Airports - with paved runways
total: 3
over 3,047 m: 2
1524 to 2437 m: 1 (2004 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)

1 (2004 est.)





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